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Feb 16 14 4:31 AM
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Feb 18 14 10:07 PM
Feb 21 14 11:47 AM
" orcas are arguably the second most intelligent creatures, after humans " St
"one of the few animals other than humans to have culture." St
Feb 21 14 11:48 AM
"What’s your favourite animal" St
Feb 22 14 9:35 PM
Feb 23 14 2:23 PM
"the same word -- "culture" -- can have very different meanings in different contexts, and that its meaning is much more specific in an antropological context than in an everyday context.
Feb 23 14 8:55 PM
Feb 24 14 6:48 PM
Feb 25 14 5:29 PM
"Their behaviour here involves no learning" St
"but from the perspective of a naturalist ants and birds are not cultural animals." St
Feb 25 14 11:36 PM
Feb 27 14 2:54 PM
Feb 27 14 6:53 PM
Mar 1 14 3:56 PM
" there is no evidence of transmission of knowledge between individuals " St
Mar 1 14 8:17 PM
Mar 2 14 1:55 PM
culture (kùl´cher) noun
1.a. The totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought. b. These patterns, traits, and products considered as the expression of a particular period, class, community, or population: Edwardian culture; Japanese culture; the culture of poverty. c. These patterns, traits, and products considered with respect to a particular category, such as a field, subject, or mode of expression: religious culture in the Middle Ages; musical culture; oral culture.
2.Intellectual and artistic activity, and the works produced by it.
3.a. Development of the intellect through training or education. b. Enlightenment resulting from such training or education.
4.A high degree of taste and refinement formed by aesthetic and intellectual training.
5.Special training and development: voice culture for singers and actors.
6.The cultivation of soil; tillage.
7.The breeding of animals or growing of plants, especially to produce improved stock.
8.Biology. a. The growing of microorganisms, tissue cells, or other living matter in a specially prepared nutrient medium. b. Such a growth or colony, as of bacteria.
cultured, culturing, cultures
2.a. To grow (microorganisms or other living matter) in a specially prepared nutrient medium. b. To use (a substance) as a medium for culture: culture milk.
[Middle English, cultivation, from Old French, from Latin cultúra, from cultus, past participle of colere. See cultivate.]
Synonyms: culture, cultivation, breeding, refinement, taste. These nouns denote a personal quality resulting from the development of intellect, manners, and aesthetic appreciation. Culture implies enlightenment attained through close association with and appreciation of the highest level of civilization: "Culture is then properly described not as having its origin in curiosity, but as having its origin in the love of perfection" (Matthew Arnold). Cultivation suggests the process of self-improvement or self-development through which culture is acquired: The books and paintings in her library reflect her considerable cultivation. Breeding is revealed especially in good manners, poise, and sensitivity to the feelings of others: "The test of a man's or woman's breeding is how they behave in a quarrel" (George Bernard Shaw). Refinement stresses aversion to coarseness and implies a delicacy of feeling associated with fastidiousness: "to seek elegance rather than luxury, and refinement rather than fashion" (William Henry Channing). Taste is the capacity for recognizing and appreciating what is fitting, proper, or aesthetically superior: "These questions of taste, of feeling, of inheritance, need no settlement. Every one carries his own inch-rule of taste" (Henry Adams).
society (se-sì´î-tê) noun
Abbr. soc., s., S.
1.a. The totality of social relationships among human beings. b. A group of human beings broadly distinguished from other groups by mutual interests, participation in characteristic relationships, shared institutions, and a common culture. c. The institutions and culture of a distinct self-perpetuating group.
2.An organization or association of persons engaged in a common profession, activity, or interest: a folklore society; a society of bird watchers.
3.a. The rich, privileged, and fashionable social class. b. The socially dominant members of a community.
4.Companionship; company: enjoys the society of friends and family members.
5.Biology. A colony or community of organisms, usually of the same species: an insect society.
[French société, from Old French, from Latin societâs, fellowship, from socius, companion.]
Excerpted from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition © 1996 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Electronic version licensed from INSO Corporation; further reproduction and distribution in accordance with the Copyright Law of the United States. All rights reserved.
"And cultural behaviour is not merely behaviour that involves communication between individuals. If that were the case, any animal that engaged in any communicative event with members of its own species would be regarded as a cultural animal." St
" the alarm call) are not in and of themselves evidence of cultural behaviour."
Mar 2 14 7:07 PM
Sear wrote:The evidence is the ant-hills.
If it was just one drunken ant staggering around the forest floor occasionally munching on a rotting tree trunk, it would be different.
But there's continuity in these structures.
They may not be orthogonally symmetrical the way some human architecture is.
But the hallways seem to be about the same size.
The rooms seem to have similar function, from one to another ant-hill.
And come to think of it, some ant species are farmers. They cultivate moss or fungus or something, and harvest from it.
Sear wrote:Where do you draw the line?
In my travels through the forest, I meet a variety of animals. I once had my path blocked by a bear.
I had gear with me, didn't want to leave the trail. So I barked and growled at the bear, and it shuffled off into the forest.
I wouldn't call that a society.
But when animals meet for common purpose that includes agriculture, articulate communication, and architecture; seems to me you're setting the bar humanocentrically high to count them out.
Mar 3 14 2:18 PM
" these structures are built by instinct " St
"You’re still conflating “culture” with “society” " St
"you’re using the dictionary to prove your point." St
"Researchers differ on exactly how to define culture, but most agree that it involves a collective adoption and transmission of one or more behaviors among a group." from St's link
Mar 3 14 9:47 PM
Sear wrote:Why don't you try to distinguish the two?
Demonstrate a definition-based reason why the two are synonymous in this context.
Guilty as charged! The dictionary is the standard I use for defining the meaning words.
Mar 5 14 7:36 AM
"Medical doctors and theoretical physicists, for example, don’t look to a dictionary in order to understand a concept in their specialised fields." St
"which I’ve already explained a number times here" St
"read the dictionary definitions of the words that you have provided. Despite an overlap in meaning between the two words, “culture” and “society” are not synonymous." St
" So, your conflation of these words is wrong in any case. " St
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